Ever hear the phrase “for illustration purposes only”?
An illustration is a picture or drawing, but in this case, it doesn’t necessarily have anything to do with actual images. “For illustration purposes only” means that examples are being presented to highlight or explain a topic.
The same is true for an illustration essay. Its purpose is to use evidence to demonstrate a point or prove that a phenomenon exists.
Let’s take a closer look at that definition and learn how to write a good illustration essay.
What Is an Illustration Essay?
At the core of an illustration essay are examples—and plenty of them. The goal of the essay is to use various examples to prove a point or phenomenon.
Don’t confuse the illustration essay with an argument essay.
Although an argument essay uses examples (just as an illustration essay does), the goal of an argument essay is to convince readers. It takes a stance on a subject and attempts to persuade readers of the writer’s opinion.
The illustration essay, on the other hand, should avoid taking a stance and avoid personal opinion. It should remain objective and provide examples to illustrate.
With this definition of an illustration essay in mind, let’s move on to actually writing one.
How to Write a Good Illustration Essay
One of the key steps in writing any good essay is planning. You’ll need to do things like prewrite, research, and outline to focus your ideas.
Here are four steps to help you plan your illustration essay.
Step 1: Find an appropriate topic
Remember, you’re not writing an argument essay, so don’t choose something like abortion or gun control as the focus of your paper.
Instead, choose something like one of the following:
- College freshmen often become overwhelmed during their first semester.
- People who live in cold climates are likely to become depressed in winter.
- Children are influenced by the type of television programs they watch.
These topics don’t present an argument. They present a topic that requires you to incorporate examples to help illustrate the point or phenomenon.
Step 2: Brainstorm a list of examples
You’re going to need a fair amount of examples to support your thesis. Of course, the longer your paper, the more examples you’ll need.
Make sure you list more examples than you think you’ll ultimately include. Chances are, not all of your examples will fit into your paper, so it’s better to be able to leave out a few ideas than to struggle to find more.
Let’s say you’re writing about college freshmen becoming overwhelmed during their first semester.
Your list might include the following examples of what overwhelms students:
- Classes and the corresponding workload.
- Balancing work, school, and family obligations.
- Sorority or fraternity obligations.
- Extracurricular activities, such as games, practices, and performances.
- Pressure to maintain grades or to maintain sports or scholarship eligibility.
- Learning how to do certain tasks for themselves for the first time, such as cooking and laundry.
Your list might need to be longer than this to ultimately find the best three or four key examples, but a short list is a solid start to finding the best examples for your paper.
Step 3: Do research
There are certainly times when your prof won’t require you to include any research. If that’s the case, you’ll simply use your own experiences and ideas as examples.
If you need to incorporate research, however, you will want to find appropriate examples from your sources.
For instance, one example might be a student who almost dropped out of college because he was overwhelmed with coursework. Another example could be a student who sought treatment for panic attacks because she felt pressured to maintain a high GPA in order to keep her scholarship.
Don’t forget to cite your sources in proper format, such as APA or MLA.
Read 5 Best Resources to Help With Writing a Research Paper if you’re looking for a little help with finding sources. (And always make sure they pass the CRAAP test!)
Step #4: Make an outline
The outline is your chance to pull all your information together and sketch out your ideas.
When outlining, you’ll decide which examples you’ll include in your paper and what types of information you’ll provide to illustrate those examples.
You’ll also decide in what order you’ll discuss the examples. It’s often a smart idea to include your strongest example last. That’s what readers will remember.
Don’t forget to include a strong thesis statement in your outline too. That will ensure you have a clear direction for your paper.
2 Tips to Remember
Before you begin drafting your illustration essay, keep these two important tips in mind.
Tip #1: Know the assigned point of view
By point of view, I don’t mean your opinion on the topic. (Remember, your opinion won’t be included in an illustration essay.) I mean the point of view from which you write—you know, first person (I, we, our, us), second person (you, your, you’re), or third person (he, she, it, they).
Third person is preferred in academic writing, so even if you don’t have to include research in your essay, don’t assume that you can write in first person. Check the assignment guidelines to make sure you’re writing from the assigned point of view.
Tip #2: Include enough examples
Your prof probably won’t tell you how many examples you’ll need to include in order to write a successful illustration essay. I don’t have the magic number, either.
What I can tell you, though, is that you should definitely include more than one example to support each key point.
In a shorter essay, two to three examples will generally suffice. If you’re writing an essay longer than four to five pages, you’ll probably need more than three examples to support each main idea.
Check out these sample illustration essays to see how other students incorporate examples into their essays.
Give Yourself a Hand!
You’ve put a lot of time and effort into planning and drafting your paper. Good work!
At this point, I suggest you take a break. Take a walk. Get a snack. Let your mind focus on something else before you return to your paper to revise. If you have the time, set your paper aside for a day or two, then make any necessary revisions.
At Kibin, we’re always ready to lend a hand with revision too, so let us provide some constructive feedback while you take that walk.
Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.
Just as an essay should be unified around a clear and specific thesis (main argument), each body paragraph within the essay should be unified around one idea, and that idea should clearly relate back to the essay’s thesis. One of the most common (and easiest!!) ways to develop a paragraph is by illustrating a point with concrete examples. A helpful acronym for this technique is “P.I.E.”
The P.I.E. Paragraph:
P = Point
What is the point of the paragraph? What claim is being made? Generally, the point is the TOPIC SENTENCE of the paragraph.
I = Illustration
How is the point illustrated? With specific data, experiences, a quotation or other evidence? Illustrations (examples) are used to support/develop the point.
E = Explanation
How does the provided illustration connect to your point? The explanation is the writer’s analysis or elaboration of the point and illustration given, which connects the entire paragraph back to the thesis of the essay.
Ideas for making a POINT:
Decide what you want to say to support your thesis.
Ideas for ILLUSTRATING/ supporting your point:
Information from the readings or class discussions (paraphrases or quotes)
Personal experience (stories, anecdotes, examples from your life)
Representations in mass media (newspapers, magazines, television)
Elements from popular culture (song lyrics, movie lines, TV characters, celebrities)
Definitions (from the dictionary, the readings, or another source)
Statistics (polls, percentages, data from research studies)
Ideas for EXPLAINING how your illustration supports your point:
Interpret, analyze, explain the information, opinion or quote you’ve included
Comment on the accuracy (or inaccuracy) of the quote, fact, data, information, etc.
Explain the meaning of your observation, findings or experience
Show your reader how the information you’ve included relates to your THESIS.
Ok, that sounds good, but how does it work?
Let’s pretend I’m writing an essay on apathy. My working thesis is: Apathy is the most important political issue that members of our society should be addressing.
This is how I would approach writing a paragraph:
Hmmm…Apathy is bad, but why? I need to come up with some reasons. These will become my topic sentences or Points…
Point: Because not caring about political and social issues can have drastic and unexpected consequences for the individual, people need to educate themselves and take action.
Okay. Good. This clearly makes a point. But, where have I seen this? Can I find evidence of this in the real world? Is this really true? I need an Illustration…
Illustration: People need to pay attention or something might happen to them or someone they love.
No. That reads more like another point. It’s too vague. I need something specific. I need an example…
Illustration: For example, the date rape drug is a real threat to women.
That’s better. But it needs to be more specific…
Illustration: I remember my first semester teaching in Texas I had a student who ignored politics because she felt that they didn’t affect her. Unfortunately, midway through the semester she learned things do affect her. A friend of hers died at a party when someone slipped the date rape drug into her drink.
That seems like a pretty specific example. But how can I relate this to my Point?
Explanation: I was saddened by this young woman’s initial attitude toward society and heartbroken by her first experience with the “real world.” Even though she probably could not have controlled or prevented the situation, simply becoming aware might show her what steps she can take to help protect herself and her friends in the future. Simply being aware might make her realize that such terrifying things are real and not just fictional horror stories. By educating herself and taking action, she might eventually make a difference whether it is through demonstrating, volunteering, or simply voting for candidates who take a zero tolerance to the use of the date rape drug.