How should I go about choosing my topic?
Begin by reading the explanations below. Examples of each are provided below!
- Division Essay: find a topic that people might tend to underestimate or over-simplify. In other words, choose something that the average person might not know much about, and therefore can't really understand how complex or interesting that topic really is. Your job in the essay will be to break your topic down into meaningful and important categories.
- Classification Essay: think about the categories we place things in everyday and the characteristics of those categories. The topic you choose should allow you to argue that something has been misplaced.
How should I organize this essay?
As you write, keep these guidelines in mind:
- Your thesis statement and introduction will need to explain why these divisions/ classifications should matter to your reader.
- Your thesis statement and introduction MUST define or explain the category you plan to discuss (i.e. A sport is a competitive, physical activity therefore cheerleading should be considered a sport.)
- You should organize your body paragraphs so that each division or category has it's own paragraph or section. (i.e. cardio exercise is paragraph 1 and weightlifting is paragraph 2, etc.)
Division Essay Examples
If you want to lose weight, simply saying that you're going to "exercise" everyday may not be the most effective way to do so. Exercising is more complex than many people realize--attaining your goals will involve understanding how different types of exercise can help you achieve your goals.
Types of Exercise
- cardio: burns calories and strengthens your heart (running, using an elliptical or stair-stepping machine, etc.)
- weight lifting: tones muscles, increases physical strength, burns fat (using weights or weighted machines)
- recreational/sports: depending on the sport, can provide both cardio and toning benefits (cycling, tennis, kayaking)
We could also narrow this topic down a bit further and write about the important differences between different types of cycling.
Types of Cycling: stationary (exercise) biking, road biking, mountain biking, recreational biking
Classification Essay Examples
To write this type of essay, we'll need to think about things that should or should not be placed in a particular category.Example: Batman (that's our topic!) is not a superhero (category people place him in), but is simply a local vigilante (category he belongs in).
Ask yourself: Why do I think that...?
- Does not possess super powers (powers most humans don't possess).
- Chooses to be a hero, rather than being "chosen" by others/other forces.
Example: Cheerleading (That's our topic!) should be considered a sport (It belongs in the category, "sports").
Ask yourself: Why do I think that...?
- cheerleaders go to "practice" and must be in good physical shape
- cheerleaders work together toward a common goal
- cheerleaders must "try out" for their squad and often compete against other squads
Presentation on theme: "Logical Division of Ideas & Coherence"— Presentation transcript:
1 Logical Division of Ideas & Coherence
Unit 5:Logical Division of Ideas & Coherence
2 Logical Division of Ideas
3 Logical division of ideas?
Is a _(pattern of organization)_ used to divide a topic into _(points)_ that can be discussed separately.These types of paragraphs are often found on tests like TOEFLLogical division of idea paragraphs should be _(clear)_ and _(easy)_ to follow.
4 Sample Topics _(reasons)_ for owning an ipad/car/xbox
_(kinds)_ of shoppers/teachers/friends-(types)_ of books/movies/games_(advantages/disadvantages)_ of being an only child/having a car/being single_(qualities)_ of a good friend/mom/boss
5 What is Coherence?
6 Coherence allows a reader to _(follow)____ your ideas easily
Coherent paragraphs flow __(Smoothly)__ from __(beginning)___ to endSentences in coherent paragraphs should lead one sentence __(naturally)__ to the next sentence.
7 How to make your writing Coherent…
8 Use noun and pronoun __(consistency)__
Use __(Transitional Signals)__ to show relationship between ideasPut your ideas into some sort of __(order)__ such as logical division of ideas.
9 Consistency Nouns and pronouns need to be consistent
If a sentence uses a plural noun, it must continue to use a plural noun.Pronouns: do not change pronouns. For example, do not switch from you to they or he for no reason. If you use the pronoun “you” at the beginning of the paragraph, continue to use it throughout the rest of the paragraph.
10 Awkwardness…Sometimes when writing about both genders it’s best to use a _(plural)_ noun.Plural nouns make the _(pronouns)_ easier to use throughout the rest of the paragraph.
11 Which sentence is easier to read?
“A student needs to turn in his or her assignments on time.” or “Students need to turn in their assignments on time.”
12 Transitional Signals
13 Transitional SignalsWords or phrases that _(connect)_ the idea in one sentence with the idea in another sentence.These signals are another way to give a paragraph _(coherence)_.Examples of some expressions are: “first/second, after that, finally, similarly, in addition, on the other hand, etc.”
14 Transitional Signals can be used as…
_(sentence connectors)__(coordinating conjunctions)__(others)_(Refer to the chart on page 84 of your book.)
15 Additional SourcesDeveloping coherent paragraphs organizing/paragraphsCoherent Strategies: Repetition repetition.htmCoherent Strategies: Transitional Words signals.htmPronoun Consistency ency_pronoun.html