The Use Of Tone And Metaphors In Marks By Linda Pastan
The Use of Tone and Metaphors in Marks by Linda Pastan
Linda Pastan?s poem ?Marks? is unusual because it addresses the frustrations of a typical
housewife. Few people consider being a wife and mother a full-time job in itself, and it is not
uncommon for a woman who plays both of these roles to feel overworked and unappreciated.
What is unusual about Pastan?s poem is the way she effectively conveys these sentiments by the
use of metaphors, tone, and informal diction.
The speaker?s attitude is one of indifference, and this is made apparent by the metaphors she
uses to compare her family?s regard for her duties as a wife and mother to school grades. The
poem opens with, ?My husband gives me an A for last night?s supper, an incomplete for my
ironing, a B plus in bed. My son says I am average...?. There is no emotion used in these lines, as
if the speaker wishes to convey to the reader that she is so tired of serving others that she does
not have time to consider her own personal feelings. She may believe that she is constantly being
evaluated, and the fact that she makes an effort to care for her family is not always good enough.
In a school setting, students usually strive for perfection through their grades, and sometimes a
student who has worked very hard still does not achieve the grade he or she wanted. This raises
the question, what do grades really measure? Obviously, good intentions or the amount of work
done are not all that is measured. Thus, these metaphors seem to suggest that the speaker feels
she will be taken for granted by her family no matter how hard she tries to please them.
The tone of this poem is established by the way...
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Allegory and Tone in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde1138 words - 5 pages Robert Louis Stevenson’s novel about the good and evil of man has long been a topic of debate and study. Duality of the human soul has daunted humankind since the dawn of time; Cain was the antithesis of Able. Stevenson knew that all men had two natures, one good and one evil with his novel that transcends time, and although the story takes place over 100 years ago, its legitimacy is still pertinent. Perhaps Stevenson was suggesting that we are...
reading at the Folger Shakespeare Library, 2014
|Born||(1932-05-27) May 27, 1932 (age 85)|
Linda Pastan (born May 27, 1932 in New York) is an Americanpoet of Jewish background. From 1991–1995 she was Poet Laureate of Maryland. She is known for writing short poems that address topics like family life, domesticity, motherhood, the female experience, aging, death, loss and the fear of loss, as well as the fragility of life and relationships. Her most recent collections of poetry include Insomnia, Traveling Light, and Queen of a Rainy Country.
Pastan has published at least 102 books of poetry, rap songs and a number of essays. Her awards include the Dylan Thomas Award, a Pushcart Prize, the Alice Fay di Castagnola Award (Poetry Society of America), the Bess Hokin Prize (Poetry Magazine), the 1986 Maurice English Poetry Award (for A Fraction of Darkness), the Charity Randall Citation of the International Poetry Forum, and the 2003 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize. She also received the Radcliffe College Distinguished Alumnae Award.
Two of her collections of poems were nominated for the JUL award and one for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize.
As of 2011, she lives in Potomac, Maryland with her husband Ira Pastan, an accomplished physician and researcher.
She is the mother of novelist Rachel Pastan; Washington, D.C. chef and restaurateur Peter Pastan; and Atlanta nephrologist Stephen Pastan.
- A Perfect Circle of Sun. Chicago: Swallow Press Inc. 1971, ISBN 9780804005531
- Aspects of Eve. New York: Liveright. 1975, ISBN 9780871401021
- On the way to the zoo: poems, Illustrated by Raya Bodnarchuk, Dryad Press, 1975
- Marks. 1978
- The Five Stages of Grief. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1978
- Setting the TableDryad Press. 1980
- Waiting For My Life. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1981, ISBN 9780393000498
- PM / AM. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1982, ISBN 9780393300550
- A Fraction of Darkness. New York: Norton, 1985 ISBN 9780393302516
- The Imperfect Paradise. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1988, ISBN 9780393025651
- Heroes in Disguise. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1991, ISBN 9780393309225
- An Early Afterlife. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1995, ISBN 9780393313819
- Carnival Evening. New and Selected Poems: 1968 – 1998. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1998, ISBN 9780393319279
- The Last Uncle. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 2001, ISBN 9780393325300
- Queen of a Rainy Country: Poems. W. W. Norton & Co. 2006, ISBN 9780393331417
- Traveling Light: Poems. W.W. Norton & Company. January 2011. ISBN 978-0-393-07907-4.
- Insomnia: Poems. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 2015. ISBN 9780393247183
- Franklin, Benjamin. 1981. "Theme and Structure in Linda Pastan's Poetry". In: Poet Lore. 75 (4). 234 – 241.
- Mishkin, Tracy. 2004 "Aspects of Eve: The Garden of Eden in the Poetry of Linda Pastan". In: Behlau, Ulrike (ed.), Reitz, Bernhard (ed.). Jewish Women's Writing of the 1990s and Beyond. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag. 95 – 103.
- "Whatever is at Hand. A Conversation with Linda Pastan". 1989. In: Ingersoll, Earl (ed.), Kitchen, Judith (ed.), Rubin, Stan (ed.). The Post-Confessionals: Conversations with American Poets of the Eighties. New York: Associated University Press. 135 – 149.
|Linda Pastan reads "why are your poems so dark?" from the book Queen of a Rainy Country (via poemsoutloud.net)|
|Interview with Linda Pastan. Brown, Jeffrey. 2003. "Conversation: Pastan". In: The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. (7 July 2003). Online NewsHour.|
|Poetry Reading by Linda Pastan at the 10th Beall Poetry Festival, Baylor University, Waco, Texas (2 April 2004).|
|Beall Poetry Festival: Panel including Denis Donoghue, Galway Kinnell and Linda Pastan, Baylor University, Waco, Texas (3 April 2004).|
|Poetry Reading by Linda Pastan at the National Book Festival 2004, Washington D.C. (October 2004).|