Linda Pastan Marks Essay Writer

The Use Of Tone And Metaphors In Marks By Linda Pastan

The Use of Tone and Metaphors in Marks by Linda Pastan

Linda Pastan?s poem ?Marks? is unusual because it addresses the frustrations of a typical
housewife. Few people consider being a wife and mother a full-time job in itself, and it is not
uncommon for a woman who plays both of these roles to feel overworked and unappreciated.
What is unusual about Pastan?s poem is the way she effectively conveys these sentiments by the
use of metaphors, tone, and informal diction.

The speaker?s attitude is one of indifference, and this is made apparent by the metaphors she
uses to compare her family?s regard for her duties as a wife and mother to school grades. The
poem opens with, ?My husband gives me an A for last night?s supper, an incomplete for my
ironing, a B plus in bed. My son says I am average...?. There is no emotion used in these lines, as
if the speaker wishes to convey to the reader that she is so tired of serving others that she does
not have time to consider her own personal feelings. She may believe that she is constantly being
evaluated, and the fact that she makes an effort to care for her family is not always good enough.
In a school setting, students usually strive for perfection through their grades, and sometimes a
student who has worked very hard still does not achieve the grade he or she wanted. This raises
the question, what do grades really measure? Obviously, good intentions or the amount of work
done are not all that is measured. Thus, these metaphors seem to suggest that the speaker feels
she will be taken for granted by her family no matter how hard she tries to please them.

The tone of this poem is established by the way...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Use of Tone, Irony and Humor in The Hammon and the Beans

947 words - 4 pages Use of Tone, Irony and Humor in The Hammon and the Beans             Ernest Hemingway once explained, "A writer's problem does not change. He himself changes and the world he lives in changes but his problem remains the same. It is always how to write truly and having found what is true, to project it in such a way that it becomes a part of the experience of the person who reads...

Discuss Kafka's use of animal and food metaphors in Die Verwandlung

1782 words - 7 pages Franz Kafka’s Die Verwandlung is a short story that is an example of how writing can transform beyond recognition. The title already implies this, and the animal and food metaphors within in the text help to achieve...

Use of Tone to Create Mood in D.H. Lawrence's The Rocking-Horse Winner

1933 words - 8 pages D. H. Lawrence uses tone to create a mood in his short story "The Rocking-Horse Winner." His ability to create tone allows us to understand the characters of the story, and enables us to actually feel as if we are in the story by creating such a vivid mood. Lawrence uses the eyes of the main character, Paul, to show how he feels about the events taking place, and this in turn helps the reader empathize with the boy and understand...

The Life And Times Of Grace Marks

508 words - 2 pages The dramatic conflict of Alias Grace takes place chiefly within the mind of it's leading character, Grace Marks, who lives the life of...

Vocabulary and Tone in Pathedy of Manners

1038 words - 4 pages Ellen Kay’s “Pathedy of Manners” is a poem in which an anonymous narrator tells of a woman who goes from being young and single, to married with children, to widowed and alone. According to the title, her life is a “pathedy,” a pathetic tragedy. One way that Kay indicates the tragic pathos of the woman’s situation is through the vocabulary and the tone, which changes over the course of the poem. Analyzing these two elements helps to...

Theme of Diving into the Wreck by Adrienne Rich, short analysis on imagery and metaphors used

571 words - 2 pages Diving into the Wreck by Adrienne Rich, in my opinion, is written about the journey of a woman going deep inside her soul to find out her true identity and her role in life. With numerous multi meaning metaphors, the poem could be interpreted in various ways; however I believe Rich was...

The Importance of Linda in "The Things They Carried"

1108 words - 4 pages In the last chapter entitled "The Lives of the Dead", Tim O'Brien introduces Linda, a nine-year-old girl he claims he was in love with as a child, who eventually died of a brain tumor. One might ask why the author chose to work in this childhood experience into a novel about the ugliness and cruelty of war. She is quite a contrast to the stories...

Identity in Linda Hogan’s Poems "The Truth Is" and "Tear"

1069 words - 4 pages There has always existed an innate human craving for identity. In truth, identity is not solely definable through essential or generic characteristics. Identity is an amalgamation of many contingent components, perhaps the most fundamental being heritage. Achieving self-acquisition entails intertwining both forces of heredity and environment, but this task is made increasing difficult when the individual resides outside mainstream society. ...

The tone of the book "Heart of Darkness" by Conrad.

772 words - 3 pages Heart of DarknessPer 1st A.P. EnglishThesis:A tone of fascination dominates Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness'. This tone is established early within the text when Marlow first goes into the

Changes in Tone Throughout the Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls

770 words - 3 pages Throughout the Glass Castle there is a constant shift in Jeanettes tone through her use of diction. Her memoir is centered around her memories with her family, but mainly her father Rex Walls. Although it is obvious through the eyes of the reader that Rex is an unfit parent and takes no responsibility for his children, in her childhood years Jeanette continually portrays Rex as an intelligent and loving father, describing her younger memories...

Allegory and Tone in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

1138 words - 5 pages Robert Louis Stevenson’s novel about the good and evil of man has long been a topic of debate and study. Duality of the human soul has daunted humankind since the dawn of time; Cain was the antithesis of Able. Stevenson knew that all men had two natures, one good and one evil with his novel that transcends time, and although the story takes place over 100 years ago, its legitimacy is still pertinent. Perhaps Stevenson was suggesting that we are...

Linda Pastan

reading at the Folger Shakespeare Library, 2014

Born(1932-05-27) May 27, 1932 (age 85)
New York
SpouseIra Pastan

Linda Pastan (born May 27, 1932 in New York) is an Americanpoet of Jewish background. From 1991–1995 she was Poet Laureate of Maryland.[1] She is known for writing short poems that address topics like family life, domesticity, motherhood, the female experience, aging, death, loss and the fear of loss, as well as the fragility of life and relationships. Her most recent collections of poetry include Insomnia, Traveling Light, and Queen of a Rainy Country.


Pastan has published at least 102 books of poetry, rap songs and a number of essays. Her awards include the Dylan Thomas Award, a Pushcart Prize, the Alice Fay di Castagnola Award (Poetry Society of America), the Bess Hokin Prize (Poetry Magazine), the 1986 Maurice English Poetry Award (for A Fraction of Darkness),[2] the Charity Randall Citation of the International Poetry Forum, and the 2003 Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize. She also received the Radcliffe College Distinguished Alumnae Award.

Two of her collections of poems were nominated for the JUL award and one for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize.[3]


As of 2011, she lives in Potomac, Maryland with her husband Ira Pastan, an accomplished physician and researcher.

She is the mother of novelist Rachel Pastan; Washington, D.C. chef and restaurateur Peter Pastan; and Atlanta nephrologist Stephen Pastan.[4]


  • A Perfect Circle of Sun. Chicago: Swallow Press Inc. 1971, ISBN 9780804005531
  • Aspects of Eve. New York: Liveright. 1975, ISBN 9780871401021
  • On the way to the zoo: poems, Illustrated by Raya Bodnarchuk, Dryad Press, 1975
  • Marks. 1978
  • The Five Stages of Grief. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1978
  • Setting the TableDryad Press. 1980
  • Waiting For My Life. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1981, ISBN 9780393000498
  • PM / AM. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1982, ISBN 9780393300550
  • A Fraction of Darkness. New York: Norton, 1985 ISBN 9780393302516
  • The Imperfect Paradise. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1988, ISBN 9780393025651
  • Heroes in Disguise. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1991, ISBN 9780393309225
  • An Early Afterlife. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1995, ISBN 9780393313819
  • Carnival Evening. New and Selected Poems: 1968 – 1998. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 1998, ISBN 9780393319279
  • The Last Uncle. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 2001, ISBN 9780393325300
  • Queen of a Rainy Country: Poems. W. W. Norton & Co. 2006, ISBN 9780393331417
  • Traveling Light: Poems. W.W. Norton & Company. January 2011. ISBN 978-0-393-07907-4. 
  • Insomnia: Poems. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 2015. ISBN 9780393247183



  • Franklin, Benjamin. 1981. "Theme and Structure in Linda Pastan's Poetry". In: Poet Lore. 75 (4). 234 – 241.
  • Mishkin, Tracy. 2004 "Aspects of Eve: The Garden of Eden in the Poetry of Linda Pastan". In: Behlau, Ulrike (ed.), Reitz, Bernhard (ed.). Jewish Women's Writing of the 1990s and Beyond. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag. 95 – 103.
  • "Whatever is at Hand. A Conversation with Linda Pastan". 1989. In: Ingersoll, Earl (ed.), Kitchen, Judith (ed.), Rubin, Stan (ed.). The Post-Confessionals: Conversations with American Poets of the Eighties. New York: Associated University Press. 135 – 149.

External links[edit]

Linda Pastan reads "why are your poems so dark?" from the book Queen of a Rainy Country (via
Interview with Linda Pastan. Brown, Jeffrey. 2003. "Conversation: Pastan". In: The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. (7 July 2003). Online NewsHour.
Poetry Reading by Linda Pastan at the 10th Beall Poetry Festival, Baylor University, Waco, Texas (2 April 2004).
Beall Poetry Festival: Panel including Denis Donoghue, Galway Kinnell and Linda Pastan, Baylor University, Waco, Texas (3 April 2004).
Poetry Reading by Linda Pastan at the National Book Festival 2004, Washington D.C. (October 2004).

0 Replies to “Linda Pastan Marks Essay Writer”

Lascia un Commento

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *