Hsc Body Of Work Marking Criteria Assignment

When choosing subjects for your HSC, it can sometimes be unclear exactly what is expected. Since reading a 35-page syllabus can feel daunting, we’ve done all the hard work for you and put together a guide covering all the elements of the Visual Arts HSC Assessments.

The Overall Breakup

School-Based Assessment:

development of the body of work (50%)

art criticism and art history (50%)

External Examination:

submission of a body of work (50%)

and written paper (50%)

Note: The School based assessments and the external exam make up half of your mark each, but your performance and your school’s performance in the external examination will affect the scaling of your school marks.

Now, let’s look at the requirements for each of these assessments in more depth, so we know exactly what we’re doing.

School-Based Assessment:

Development of the Body of Work (50%)

The marking of your body of work throughout the year falls on two main criteria:

  • Conceptual strength and meaning: 
  • Resolution: The level of skill in artmaking that the artwork shows

The art making practice is all about practically applying your theoretical knowledge of the frames. So, in school you will be assessed on how well your art reflects:

Conceptual framework: The way your artwork explores the interaction between artists, artworks, audiences and the world

The Structural Frame: the visual signs and symbols which represent your idea

The Cultural Frame: How your artwork explores the values and ideas of your own or other’s cultures.

The Subjective Frame: The way you express your own deep emotions, your imaginative portrayal of subject matter, and how you evoke emotion from your audience.

Postmodern Frame: Your ability to challenge artistic conventions, traditions and the definition of art.

The exact structure of your assessments will change from school to school, however most schools will assess:

  • A proposal: an interview or written piece which explains your inspiration, goals and plan of action for your major work.

  • Visual arts process diary: Your Visual arts process dairy is a place for you to record your development of ideas, reflect on and evaluate your major work, and practice refinement of your artmaking skills.

  • Artmaking process marked throughout year: At different points in the year, your school will have expected you to have completed a certain amount of your major work. You will be marked on the development of your concept, your refinement of artmaking skills and the amount you have completed.

The BOSTES assessment and Reporting guide explains that schools are to use their own discretion in choosing assessments, and 3-5 assessments are sufficient (including assessments on art criticism and art history).

Art Criticism and Art History (50%)

Throughout the year, you will be assessed on your understanding of art criticism and art history. Your assessments may include in class responses to questions, or take-home essays. These assessments will be based on the following:

Practice, Conceptual Framework and the Frames

For your assessments, you will be judged on your understanding of Practice, Conceptual Framework and the Frames, and how they interact with one another. The questions asked in exams, short answers and essays will test your knowledge on these three components.

For a more in depth explanation of the conceptual framework and the Frames, click here.

Investigation of Content Through at Least 5 Case Studies in Art Criticism and Art History

This section of assessment is entirely dependent on your school, and what they choose to teach, so we can’t tell you what to expect! Your teachers will choose a selection of artists art critics, historians and/or art movements. You will learn about these case studies by applying Practice, the Conceptual Framework and the Frames.

External Examination:

Submission of a Body of Work (50%)

Once again, the two defining factors in your body of work are your conceptual strength & meaning, and your resolution. Below I have included the syllabus outcomes:

A student:

H1: initiates and organises artmaking practice that is sustained, reflective and adapted to suit particular conditions

H2: applies their understanding of the relationships among the artist, artwork, world and audience through the making of a body of work

H3: demonstrates an understanding of the frames when working independently in the making of art

H4: selects and develops subject matter and forms in particular ways as representations in artmaking

H5: demonstrates conceptual strength in the production of a body of work that exhibits coherence and may be interpreted in a range of ways

H6: demonstrates technical accomplishment, refinement and sensitivity appropriate to the artistic intentions within a body of work

Written Paper (50%)

And finally you will be assessed during the HSC examination period with a mixture of short answer questions and a long response. In this section, you will be using your knowledge of practice, the frames and conceptual framework as well as your five case studies to answer the questions. That’s all for HSC Visual Arts Assessments. Good luck!

Brooklyn Arnot is currently studying Philosophy, History and English at The University of Sydney. In her spare time she enjoys drawing mythical landscapes, flowers, trees, and artsy signs for her cafe during long train rides and basically any time there is a pen and paper around. Her incredible high school English teachers gave her a passion for literature and education, leading to her extreme enthusiasm for the HSC English syllabus and her dream to go to Scandinavia to study old viking literature.

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Visual Arts Education at Hornsby Girls High School

Included in the Visual Arts Faculty are:

Visual Arts - Years 7 to 12

Visual Design - Years 9 and 10

Photographic and Digital Media - Years 9 and 10

* Board Endorsed Course Photography 1 Unit - Year 11 only

* Board Endorsed Course Philosophy 1 Unit - Year 11 only

Visual Arts education at Hornsby Girls' High School does not happen in a vacuum. It is the result of a process we view as a continuum from Year 7 to Year 12. The Visual Arts education the staff develop and deliver to our students shapes the students thinking and artmaking practice so that evaluative and curatorial decisions made in the HSC year by students are informed, sophisticated and critically reflective.

This art education process is shaped by many factors, both internal and external to the school, which, in many cases mimic the same circumstances to be found in many NSW Secondary schools. Hornsby has, however, some particularities which must flavour our approach i.e. its tradition, its selectivity and the fact that it's a girls' school. The school values Visual Arts as part of the broad curriculum we offer our students and because of its tradition of excellence and success at the HSC. Students value Visual Arts and vote with their feet. We have healthy sized classes and a good number of classes in both the junior and senior schools in a small school of just 720.


We have two exhibitions a year - one for the HSC Visual Arts Bodies of Work in September and another at the end of the year for the students in Years 7 to 11 in Visual Arts, Visual Design, Photographic and Digital Media as well as Photography. Both these exhibitions are heavily patronised by students and the community. The exhibitions are used to allow students to see their own work and the work of others in an exhibition setting, and to give parents and the community some insight into the gifts and talents of our students in the Creative Arts fields. We also use the exhibition to evaluate the artmaking components of our curriculum so that we can change or fine tune our programs.

Learning Environment - Physical



The physical environment of the Art complex is one of the pluses in terms of facilitating a vibrant and enjoyable place for students to learn about and love art. There are students artworks from past years hanging on walls and the colour scheme is bright and lively. It has some open spaces with classrooms that can open into each other or be used as more discreet spaces. It incorporates studio space for the senior students to work on a larger scale, with access to outside paved areas, as well as a new darkroom and a new IT Design room with iMac computers and large tables for design work. The walls are covered with cork so there is a great deal of exhibition space which we use throughout the year so that students can see each others' works and learn from them. These works are marked by at least two teachers and to contribute to the transparency of the process, the marking strip, with the outcomes and marking criteria, is displayed as well as the work.


There are examinations in Visual Arts for all years. These are common across the whole year so that each class is taught the same curriculum. All junior exams have a practical component as well as critical and historical. All marking is outcomes-based as are reports which are computerised. Although this is a selective school and the students are very result oriented, we try to make our exams fun, even enjoyable, but still intellectually rigorous.

Teaching / Learning Strategies

Because all classes share the same curriculum there is quite a deal of exchange between teachers and students on a formal basis (lecture style lessons) and informal basis- visits by teachers and students to other rooms during lessons to observe or ask questions. If a teacher is trying out something new this is especially important. One of the philosophies within the art department is that teachers can help any student from Year 7 to 12, who asks for their help. This is freely given and is not seen as encroaching on another teacher's territory. We have taught ourselves not to be territorial when the development of the individual student is at stake.

The continuum of artmaking and art study is documented using an overview format from Year 7 to Year 12 and these overviews are displayed on the walls of the staffroom for everyday reference. These form the basis of our programming for each year. The success of this approach is of course contingent on a staff which works as a team with common values, ideals and theories about art and education.




There is the belief at Hornsby that all artmaking should be informed by knowledge of the artmaking practice of others.  To this end the historical and critical study of artworks begins in Year 7.We have developed many of our own worksheets because they can be structured according to the syllabus, they satisfy our requirements as to their levels of complexity and they ask our students to develop a particular knowledge base that is suitable for their needs. To this end we don't issue textbooks to our students. Rather, we have built up, in conjunction with the School Library, a comprehensive library of art books and a particular part of the library where art students can have full use of the books. Students are taken to the library often to conduct research in artmaking and art criticism and art history. They are encouraged to also use the computers in the Library and they make full use of these resources to do their personal research when having to complete assignments.

The art courses begin with a simplicity of approach designed initially on the principle of guided learning. The teachers instruct and model for their students the conventions of art, materials and conceptual art practices and how the frames can be used in artmaking practice as well as a tool of analysis of artworks. Each subsequent year builds more complex and complete scaffolding through a combination of a guided form of learning towards students developing independent learning skills. There is a strong personal research component to all Visual Arts Programs and students are taught to articulate their art knowledge visually, orally as well as in writing.

Our Philosophy

The overarching concept underpinning the thinking and practices in the Visual Arts Faculty is, within the parameters of the syllabus, the devising and delivery of an art education which captures and holds the minds and spirits of our students and is seen by them to be valuable, to be demanding and to transcend the perceived mundanity of much of their schooling. Our students do not automatically aim to be artists, just as English students don't aim to be novelists, but many of them see the intrinsic benefits of their art education at HGHS and a percentage of them go on to train in art-related fields.

Who Studies Visual Arts?

Most of our senior students study Visual Arts from Year 7 to 12 with the odd exception, usually Preliminary students we pick up from other schools. Our junior students have the option of Visual Arts or Visual Design as electives in Years 9 and 10, but the Visual Design course uses many of the practices of the Art course so that these students have no difficulty in choosing art and doing well in the Senior school.

In Years 7 and 8 students are given an introductory course in Visual Arts. Students are taught a variety of artmaking practices including the use of drawing, painting, sculpture, photography, graphics and design. Students are then given opportunities to develop these skills to a high degree of refinement. As well as this range of techniques students are given a variety of materials and taught how to use them to enhance their visual investigations. We still use a thematic approach in programming as a vehicle for teaching students about art practices , the frames and, now, introducing the conceptual framework in the junior school. These themes are from the present Junior Syllabus but are further developed to extend our particular students.


Yr 7 Still Life Digital Photographs


Visual Arts Year 7

Aquarium/Fish Markets

Visual Art Year 8
Waverley Cemetery/Bronte Beach

Visual Arts Year 9

Technology Park Redfern, the City CBD

Visual Design Year 9

NIDA, UNSW, College of Fine Arts Design School

Photographic and Digital Media Year 9

Luna Park, Sydney Harbour

Visual Arts, Visual Design, Photographic and Digital Media Year 10

Art Gallery of NSW

Visual Arts Year 11 & 12

Art Gallery of NSW


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